Cats, while seemingly mysterious and enigmatic, are actually very communicative and expressive animals. Just like human beings, cats have developed practically all of their senses. Their best means of communication are hearing, touching, seeing and smelling.

Their main form of communication is body language, with gestures, poses and movements. The body language of cats can end up being so exact that if you learn to decipher it you will be able to know what your cat wants to tell you at all times.

Even if you and your cat don’t speak the same language, you can still communicate with each other fluidly. If you’re wondering how do cats communicate, stay with us and you’ll learn all about cat body language and communication.

Who needs words when you have body language?

The language and communication system of cats is truly interesting, and it’s based on body language: cats express moods, likes and dislikes through movement and gesture. In order to understand your pet and get how cats communicate, you will have to pay attention to their movements.

A cat’s actions might not be so simple after all, and they could be trying to speak to you or ask you something. Postures, looks, ear positions, facial expressions and tail movements; all of these tell you something about the mood they are in. Here are some clues to find out how your cat is really feeling:

  • Ears: If your cat has their ears forward it means that they are alert, interested in something, or feel happy. If the cat’s ears are placed to the side or pinned backwards, it could mean that they are slightly irritated, angry or scared by something.
  • Back: If the catcurves their back when you move your hand closer to stroke it, it is a sign that they are interested and that they like it. If, on the contrary, the cat cowers when you do so, it means that they don’t want physical contact at the moment.
  • Tail: When the cat’s tail sticks straight up in the air, it means that they are happy or alert to something. If the fur on the end of the tail stands up, it’s a sign that they are scared or irritated. The typical tail-between-the-legs means that they are anxious or ashamed about some mischief that they have just caused. The faster the cat moves their tail from one side to the other, the angrier they are.
  • Eyes: You can also decipher your cat’s body language by looking at their pupils, with completely dilated pupils being a sign that your cat is very unsettled.
  • Body: If your cat puffs themselves up, seems to get bigger, has spasms in their tail and straightens their back, it means that they don’t want to see you at all. These are signs of a possible aggression.

Physical signs and gestures

Cats with high self-esteem will scratch surfaces in front of shyer cats as a way of showing off. When your cat is really happy, you’ll see that they will knead you – or anything soft that they find.

A cat rubs its the tip of their chin and body against the object that takes their fancy as a way of marking their territory. This object could be a toy, an item of furniture or even yourself. Cats are constantly marking what they believe to be their property. Your cat loves you, but they also believe themselves to be your owner and not the other way around.

Smelling is believing

Not only do cats perceive smells through their nose, but they also breathe in knowledge. Their learning process is largely based on their sense of smell. Cats mark their territory with smells, leaving their scent wherever they pass by. They usually carry out this transfer of information by rubbing themselves up against everything. Other cats will smell their presence in this particular place and know that it forms part of their territory or that they have passed by recently.

A cat’s sense of smell is so important to their survival and communication that they have developed a small extra organ over the course of their evolution. This is the vomeronasal or Jacobson’s organ, which aids their usual sense of smell. Many other animals have a vomeronasal system, including dogs, rats, pigs, cattle and all lizards and snakes.

The vomeronasal organ is located in the roof of the mouth, behind the teeth, and is connected to the naval cavity. It absorbs odor molecules, intensifying fragrances whilst at the same time providing more information about the object being smelled. Therefore, smell is one of the main strategies of how cats communicate.

Do cats communicate through meowing?

While cats do not actually talk, they do communicate between themselves and with their owners. We have seen how cats communicate through body language and smell, but they also share information through meowing.

The meows of some cats sound very different to others, and they aren’t too difficult to identify. The intensity, tone and frequency of the meowing reflects their emotions and needs.

  • If your cat is lying on their back and purrs, it means that they feel completely relaxed.
  • However, if the cat is lying down but growling, leave them alone; they are asking you to give them some space. Pay attention to see if their sound purr is different to usual, as it could mean that your cat is in pain.
  • If you hear your cat meowing for a prolonged period of time, it might mean that your cat is hungry and asking you for food. If, on the other hand, your cat growls, cries intensely or even hisses, they might be behaving aggressively.
  • Another type of meow occurs when female cats are in heat or male cats are rutting. It is very important to know that a cat in heat is susceptible to running away from home, and all that this entails. Read our post about the benefits of neutering a cat and debunk the myths about heat in cats.
  • Pay attention to each way that your cat expresses themselves, and make the effort to understand and translate their language. Doing so will help you to build a better relationship with your pet.

This is our answer to how do cats communicate; how does your cat speak to you? How did you learn to understand each other? Tell us in the comments section!